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Main » 2010 » December » 01

Traditional Chinese medicine is an indispensable part of the glorious culture of the Chinese nation.

Traditional Chinese medicine (also known as TCM, simplified Chinese: 中医; traditional Chinese: 中醫; pinyin: zhōngyī) is considered a Complementary or Alternative Medical system in most of the world. It includes a range of traditional medical practices originating in China that developed over several thousand years. The English phrase "TCM" was created in the 1950s by the PRC in order to export Chinese medicine; there is no equivalent phrase in Chinese. In fact, TCM is a modern compilation of traditional Chinese medicine. TCM practices include theories, diagnosis and treatments such as herbal medicine, acupuncture and massage; often Qigong is also strongly affiliated with TCM. TCM is a form of so-called Oriental medicine, which includes other traditional East Asian medical systems such as traditional Japanese and Korean medicine.

Traditional chinese herbal medicine(left), and Acupuncture(right).

Massage(left) and Qigong(right).

TCM theory asserts that processes of the human body are interrelated and in constant interaction with the environment. TCM practitioners believe signs of disharmony help them to understand, treat and prevent illness and disease.

In the West, traditional Chinese medicine is considered a form of complementary and alternative medicine. TCM theory is based on a number of philosophical frameworks including the theory of Yin-yang, the Five Elements, the human body Meridian system, Zang Fu organ theory, and others. Diagnosis and treatment are conducted with reference to these concepts. TCM does not operate within the contemporary scientific paradigm, but some practitioners make efforts to bring practices into a biomedical and evidence-based medicine framework.

Traditional Chinese medicine is largely based on the philosophical concept that the human body is a small universe with a set of complete and sophisticated interconnected systems, and that those systems usually work in balance to maintain the healthy function of the human body. The balance of yin and yang is considered with respect to qi ("breath", "life force", or "spiritual energy"), blood, jing ("kidney essence" or "semen"), other bodily fluids, the Five elements, emotions, and the soul or spirit (
shen). TCM has a unique model of the body, notably concerned with the meridian system. Unlike the Western anatomical model which divides the physical body into parts, the Chinese model is more concerned with function. Thus, the TCM Spleen is not a specific piece of flesh, but an aspect of function related to transformation and transportation within the body, and of the mental functions of thinking and studying.

There are significant regional and philosophical differences between practitioners and schools which in turn can lead to differences in practice and theory.

Models of the body include:
Yin or Yang
Five elements
Zang Fu theory
Meridian (Chinese medicine)
Three jiaos also known as the Triple Burner or the Triple Warmer

Yin Yang(left), Five Elements(center), and Zang Fu Organs(right).

Meridians(left), and Three jiaos(right).

The Yin/Yang and five element theories may be applied to a variety of systems other than the human body, whereas Zang Fu theory, meridian theory and three-jiao (Triple warmer) theories are more specific. There are also separate models that apply to specific pathological influences, such as the Four stages theory of the progression of warm diseases, the Six levels theory of the penetration of cold diseases, and the Eight principles system of disease classification

Techniques :
Palpation of the patient's radial artery pulse (Pulse diagnosis) in six positions
Observation of the appearance of the patient''''s tongue
Observation of the patient's face
Palpation of the patient's body (especially the abdomen) for tenderness
Observation of the sound of the patient's voice
Observation of the surface of the ear
Observation of the vein on the index finger on small children
Comparisons of the relative warmth or coolness of different parts of the body
Observation of the patient's various odors
Asking the patient about the effects of his problem

Credit to : Sheilabunny
Category: Global | Views: 24827 | Added by: Eylu | Date: 01 December 2010 | Comments (15)

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